Breeding goats in Africa, particularly South Africa, is one of the largest agricultural sectors in the region. In the rural areas where the people are economically deprived, breeding goats in Africa is considered by many to be a source of ready cash-income, social security, and food.
Why Breed Goats in Africa?
There are a number of reasons why farmers choose goats over other kinds of livestock in Africa.
- Goat meat is considered a staple in the diets of east and west Africa.
- While you can produce more lentils in the same amount of space, water, and food that it takes to raise a healthy goat, the protein from goat meat is more complete than that of a lentil. Undernourished children need a higher quality protein in their diets.
- Goats make more goats! Goats reproduce quickly and fairly easily, making a pair of goats a good investment for a farmer who is looking to build a herd.
- These highly productive animals are available throughout the country.
- Goats can be raised among other cattle like sheep and cows without problems.
- In addition to being raised for meat, goats can be raised for milk, fiber, and their skins.
- The amount of case and management costs compared to other animals is lower.
Choosing the Right Breed
The Boer goat, a breed raised for meat production originated in South Africa and is native to that region. It is highly praised throughout the region and the world as being a productive meat goat. Because of successful selective breeding practices over the course of almost a century, the Boer Goat is found in nearly every country in the world. If you are looking for a productive source of protein, then this may be the breed for you.
If you live in a temperate region and are looking for fibers, Angora goats might be what you’re looking for. Angora goats produce the lustrous fibre known as mohair. This could be a profitable venture if you’re not interested in raising goats for meat, then raising the goats for their fur might be a better choice.
Getting Started with Goat Breeding
There are a few things that you should be aware of before you begin your journey of breeding goats in Africa.
- Goats are social animals, and so you need to have more than one if you are going to raise goats.
- Goats are excellent climbers and can and will get to places you wouldn’t think they could. Don’t be surprised if you build a pen for your goats and they manage to escape.
- When setting up the pen for your goats, make sure they have a clean and dry place to bed down, access to clean water, and protection from the elements.
- The exact type of food and quantity to give to your fainting goats may be debated from breeder to breeder, and it is recommended you check with your veterinarian for a recommended of the best diet to give to your animals.
- Goats are ruminants, meaning they have four stomachs. Ruminants need a certain amount of roughage and fiber to keep food moving properly through their digestive tract.
- Goats can overeat, which will cause health problems, so it is important to make sure the goats have a balanced diet.